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The city of Samarkand

Updated: Nov 17, 2018

The city of Samarkand has been at the crossroads of world cultures for over two and a half millennia, and is one of the most important sites on the Silk Routes traversing Central Asia. Located in the Zerafshan River valley, in north-eastern Uzbekistan, the city enjoys the benefits of abundant natural resources and settlement in the region can be traced back to 1,500 BC.


The ancient city of Samarkand seems to have been a crucible of cultures and religions. An archaeological reserve in the north-east of Samarkand, known as Afrasiab, the site of the ancient city, contains numerous indications of a diverse medieval society.  Excavations have revealed brilliant murals, whose fragments seem to illustrate a number of exotic scenes: a wedding procession, ambassadors bearing gifts, a diplomatic ceremony, and scenes from the royal hunt. Another shows a Chinese princess being conveyed across a river in a boat.


سمرقند – ملتقى الثقافات

تُعتبر مدينة سمرقند ملتقى ومكانًا يجمع ثقافات العالم بأسره. فهي تأسّست في القرن السابع قبل الميلاد تحت اسم افراسياب وعرفت ذروة ازدهارها في العصر التيموريين الذي امتد من القرن الرابع عشر حتى القرن الخامس عشر وتضم آثاراها الاساسية مسجد رجستان ومدارسها ومسجد بيبي خانوم ومجموعة شاه الزندا ومجموعة غوري الامير، بالاضافة الى مرصد ألُق بك


  • The architecture and towns-cape of Samarkand, situated at the crossroads of ancient cultures, are masterpieces of Islamic cultural creativity.

  • Ensembles in Samarkand such as the Bibi Khanum Mosque and Registan Square played a seminal role in the development of Islamic architecture over the entire region, from the Mediterranean to the Indian subcontinent.

  • The historic town of Samarkand illustrates in its art, architecture, and urban structure the most important stages of Central Asian cultural and political history from the 13th century to the present day.

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